Church holiday has long been one of the most beloved among many Russians
The Christmas of Christ for many hundreds of years is considered one of the main Christian holidays. Some traditions of this day since childhood are familiar with Orthodox believers, and something causes questions. TVC.RU decided to figure out what it is possible and what can not be done for Christmas.
The Christmas night is taken in the temple at the festive service, to which it is necessary to prepare in a special way. The day before Christmas, the Christmas Eve, Orthodox Christians refuse food before the first star appeared. It is considered to be a reflever of the Vflav star, who indicated the Way to the baby Jesus. In the evening you can sit at the table - the meal should be started with a hinterlet or junction cooked from the grained wheat with honey and fruit. At the same time on Christmas Eve and in Christmas itself, during the feast, it is better to abandon dark clothes and change it on white or light. Well, after a modest dinner, it's time to go to the temple, where the Orthodox to dawn pray in honor of the Birth of the Savior.
Returning from the service, the house cannot be cleared. However, this rule applies not only to Christmas itself, but also a day before him. The holiday is customary to meet in purity, but you must take care of this in advance. To carry out litter from the hut is prohibited both in direct and figurative sense. In the first case, you can "reciprocate" from the house, and in the second - in the bright holiday, scandals and quarrels equal to sin. Christmas is best to spend with relatives and loved ones, visit familiar and take guests themselves - do not treat the house who came to the house is considered a bad admission. Which, by the way, especially accounted for the penaltifiers, walking on homes and lumbling treats in exchange for funny songs and booms.
Paying alive time, in Christmas should not forget about the dead. To respect the souls of the deceased relatives, a lit candles should be put on the window. But the campaign on the cemetery is better to cancel - there you can go in advance or order in the church prayer.
The common view is that in Christmas can not wash or work - no more than delusion. The work was never rebored by the Church, if he was not aimed at entertainment, but to satisfy the needs. But what the church is ambiguous, so it's for Christmas fortune telling. For contact with the evil, the clergy can even remove from the communion. However, it stops not all - and now, for hundreds of years, girls and young men are trying to know their fate in Christmas night.All the most interesting thing - in our channel "Yandex.Dzen" Even more news - we have in Telegram
The Gospel does not say anything about the Lord celebrating his birthday. Theologians are confident that Christmas did not celebrate the apostles. And in general, in the first centuries, our Christian era there was no such holiday. But today we cannot imagine the annual circle of worship without the Nativity of Christ. For the Orthodox it is the second after Easter holiday, the most fully opening the secret of our salvation.
And for many years in Russia, January 7 - again a day off. And every Christian seeks not only to celebrate a holiday with loved ones, but also to devote this day to God and his deeds, first of all, visiting the Church. In many temples, two liturgies are performed - at night and in the morning, which is especially relevant in recent months.
In project "Preparing" We try to help you consciously come to church, to study the traditions and features of Christmas worship in advance, to get acquainted with a passage from the Holy Scriptures and his interpretations.
January 7, 2021, christmas of Christ
To participate in Christmas worship, you need to understand how much worship is in the temple, where are you going. And calculate your strength! If it is important, everything is most correctly - according to the Charter - to meet the Christmas of Christ, then you need to come to the temple not only on January 7th, but also on the eve of the morning - January 6. This day is called the Nativity of Christ or Christmas Eve, whose worship is especially solemn.
In Christmas itself, it should come to the Great Village and Morning - they can be performed within 2 days, with a break: in the evening 6th and in the morning of January 7th. And they can begin late in the evening 6th and move to the Divine Liturgy shortly after midnight.
For many, night service is associated with a procession. But for the holiday of the Nativity of Christ, the procession is not performed.
After the liturgy, the day of the birthday of Christ, it is possible to warble - a long post ended and the shinties begin - a joyful period to the Epiphany.
How to feel the joy of a long all-sleeping service? It is necessary to realize what happened on this day: "The word has become flesh and dwells with us, full of grace and truth" and so far "God has not seen no one; The only beef son, which is in the subsoil, he revealed. " To understand and feel that the church celebrates the event of such a huge scale, which was not before, and will not be after.
Read more Christmas Savior Read in our materials:
• What do evangelical about the birth of the Savior?
• What is the meaning of the holiday of christmas?
• 7 most memorable Christmas chants
• Christmas poems
Troparians of christmas Christ
Your christmas is yours, our God, the remuneration of the world of mind, in it bing stars serving star studies. You put it, the sun is truth, and you are kept from the height of the East. Lord, thank you!
Translation: Your Christmas, Christ, God, lit up the world with the light of knowledge, because through him the stars serving the star were leaning for you to worship, the sun truth, and know you, from the height ascending shining. Lord, thank you!
Kondak christmas Christ
Virgo's visit is long waded, and the land of the vertpet is unapproved by; Angeli with shepherds will be sorry, Volossvi with the star travel, we bone the sorry of the joy, vigorous God.
Translation: Virgo to this day sustainable gives rise, and the Land Cave brings an impregnable; The angels with the shepherds are alone, the magic and the star is traveling, for the sake of us was born a child a young, the forever.
Irmodos of the Nativity of Christ: text, notes, audio, translation and interpretation
Features of Orthodox Christmas Worship Services
In fact, the church is already celebrating preparations for Christmas from January 2 in a new style - the first day of the pretreatment of Christmas. In the tropar, they sang "Prepare, Bethlehem!" And they began to ask a little more stricter.
In the morning on the Christmas Eve, January 6, the royal watches are performed. In this solemn service, we can only participate three times a year: on the eve of Christmas and the Epiphany, as well as on Good Friday. In the center of the temple before lying on the analogue of the Gospel and open tsarist gates, a psalm and sacred writing are read. Nowadays, only in Russia, this watch is called royal: emperors have always been present in Byzantium, and then the Russian kings tried to pray in the temple these days.
Then the evening starts - usually in the twilight, with the light of the lamp and candles resembling the stars of the night sky over the Bethlehem. And after her - the Liturgy of Vasily the Great. Christmas Eve - the last day of the forty-day christmas post.
In the evening of January 6th, the all-night vigil in some temples is performed at normal time and then repeated at night, in others - it begins closer to midnight. The Christmas canon sounds, and after - Liturgy John Zlatoust, who ends deeply over midnight.
In many churches, liturgy is repeated in the morning - for those who could not visit the temple at night, and families with young children.
The long period of preparation is both bodily, through fasting and spiritual, thanks to participation in worships, it came to the end. In all Orthodox churches, the uniform words "Glory in the High God, and the Land of the World, in the man of goodness!"
It happens that festive worship is performed only at night (begins late in the evening) or only in the morning of January 7th. Therefore, it is so important to clarify in the temple of the service schedule in advance, and find out when the confession will be performed - a special time is distinguished for this. If you are preparing to take communion, it is important to remember about the Eucharist post. But it is worth remembering that there is no clear instructions in the charter how many hours before communion can not eat. On the usual day, when a person is preparing for communion at Morning Liturgy, he does not eat after midnight. But if you are going to communion at the night Christmas service, it is better to agree on the time of the post with the confessor.
Prayer during worship is a serious work. And the forces are important to be in attention. By night prayer in the temple can be prepared by ordinary everyday ways: sleep on the eve and, if possible, to the service, drink coffee - taking into account the Eucharistic post, of course. If during the night service clone to sleep, you can go outside and make several circles around the temple. And if there are no amplifiers and not heard worship, pray for yourself by Jesus prayer.
In 2014, in 2014 a new tradition appeared: "On the Day of the Nativity of Christ in all the temples of the Russian Orthodox church, it is blessed annually to commit Divine Liturgy with the holes of the royal gates on our own."
Traditions of the holiday
There are many traditions around Christmas: fairs, rewarding views, corollasting, concerts of christmas music. In 2021, unfortunately, many arrival had to abandon the organization of the traditional festive events. But Christians have the opportunity to organize a holiday meeting in a good home environment.
Christmas of Christ reminds us that the tradition of presenting gifts began with the times of Magi. And the Savior teaches us and how to take them. The main thing is to do it with love, and on both sides. Because if you love, then you know the heart that you need a person that he or she would like to receive as a gift. The Godgrowets and the Virgin Mary did not reject the gifts of Magi - took gold, incense and Smyrna. So the humility required by Christians is manifested in taking what you have prepared with love. Recall this by taking congratulations on these days. And we will try to thank.
About the Christian traditions of Christmas in Russia and other countries, read in our material.
Unfortunately, until now, in the period of the secular weekend after the New Year and before the Nativity of Christ, many are treated for dubious "Christmas" traditions (divination, rites, festivities, local customs), infinitely far from the meaning and importance of the great holiday of the coming to the world of the Savior. In order not to make a mistake, you need to verify the essence of these actions with the meaning of the Christmas holiday, penetrate it through the gospel. If we are aware of the scale of the holiday, which happened on this day, the tone of only bonds, dances, dressing and fortune telling, but even culinary troubles will seem like the trifle that does not stand the precious time and strength. We will be absorbed by the contemplation of the Creator of the Universe, the Bog Mountain, lying in the poor, in a cold hlev. I will surprise this intimacy of the Angelic World to the cave and everything that happened in the distant Judea, when the sky was kept. Then we really celebrate - the mind and heart. And on this background, it will be easier to separate the semantic husk, that is, not to repeat empty, and often dangerous, from a spiritual point of view.
It is important to remember that the communion of the Holy Taine is the main joy of every holiday. And with this event you can not put in some row, cleaning, receiving guests, even the deeds of mercy. This is necessary to remember this and on the eve of the holiday, first of all, make efforts to prepare for the connection with God in the communion.
Message of the Apostle Paul to Galatians, Chapter 4, Verse 4 - 7
4But when the full time came, God sent his son's son (only bean), who was born from his wife, submitted to the law, 5To redeem the bypass, so that we get adoption. 6And how are you - Sons, then God sent your spirit of my spirit in the heart, blatant: "ABVA, Father!" 7Therefore, you are no longer a slave, but son; And if the Son, then the heir to God through Jesus Christ.
Comments the priest Dmitry (Baritsky)
Reading the Gospel:
Gospel from Matthew, Chapter 2, Poems 1 - 12
1When Jesus was born in Bethlehem Jewish in the days of King Herod, came to Jerusalem Magi from the east and say: 2Where is the Born Tsar Jewish? For we saw a star in the east and came to bow to him. 3Hearing it, the Herod King was alarmed, and all Jerusalem with him. 4And, by collecting all the high priests and folk scribes, asked them: Where should Christ be born? 5They also told him: in Bethlehem Jewish, because it is written through the prophet:
6"And you, Bethlehem, the land of Judine, no less than the Judine Voivodes, for the leader will happen, which will fall from my people, Israel."
7Then Herod, secretly calling the Magi, derived from them the time of the star 8And, sending them to Bethlehem, said: Go, carefully divide about the baby and, when you find, let me let me bow to to worship him. 9They, listening to the king, went. And the star, which they saw in the east, went to them, as finally came and stopped over place Where was the baby. ten Seeing the star, they rejoiced to the joy very great, eleven And by entering the house, they saw the baby with Marieu, his mother, and, surfactant, bowed to him; And, opening his treasures, they brought her gifts: gold, incense and Smyrna. 12 And, having received a revelation in a dream not to return to Irod, otherwise they moved his country.
Comments Bishop Feoktist (Igmenov)
Comments the priest Pavel (giants)
Comments the priest Stephen (Domeschi)
Comments the priest Dmitry (Baritsky)
Let's notify your attention to the fact that during the liturgy, which is served at night, read another passage from the Gospel of Matthew: Chapter 1, Poems 18 - 25
The church in our day calls for everyone who wishes salvation, survive and realize the essence of the events of the Nativity of Christ. Who is God? He created the endless, as we know today, space. I equipped and decorated our small land. And the crown of creation appeared on it - a man, that is, each of us. And this god, whom no one seen - a few in the history of history or heard only a part of the manifestation of his strength - became an ordinary infant. He was born defenseless and small.
Today we look at the vertens rather as the attribute of the holiday, the traditional decoration, and most of the city inhabitants are so present: cute animals surround a small bed, lights, an asterisk burns, firing fir branches. But the reality of the place for domestic livestock is different. It is not a sweet, not romantic and not cozy: the resistant smell, often humidity and cold, almost always dark. Thinking over this, penetrating into the meaning of the collected for us in the liturgical texts, we see the priesthood of the Savior's suffering in this. For the holiday does not pass in the bustle, it is important to concentrate on his spiritual reality. And then we note the main thing - what will happen next with God - let the suffering and death he chose for our salvation.
We will try to listen to the words of chants, sounding in the temple, and ask God to fill the soul with their meaning. In Christmas days, it is especially important to emerge from the thickness of worldly and everyday events. Because they apply only to the local life. It is her who belongs to illness, grief, crises, wars of states and a quarrels of loved ones. But the soul does not live it - she needs a different food, other light. Earth suffering is temporary, although we will not be accustomed to them. They sooner or later leave life, and the soul is important to prepare for the main meeting with those who are waiting for us in the Saints - with our Savior.
The editorial office "Foma" congratulates you Merry Christmas!
Many believers in 2020 celebrate Christmas, but not all of them know that it is necessary to carry in church for this holiday and what traditions make this day so special. The forever of the Nativity of Christ or the Christmas Christmas Eve is celebrated annually on January 6. This day is the last day of the Christmas post. At this time, all Orthodox Christians are preparing for the upcoming holiday, which is filled with a special festive mood.
What is carried to church in the Christmas Eve and how the festive church service is held
On the night of January 6, January 7, a bright and joyful holiday will come in 2020 - the Christmas of Christ, who is considered the greatest after Easter. All Orthodox Christians on January 6 celebrate the Christmas Christmas Eve or the Nativity of Christ. Each believer should spend Christmas Eve and celebrate Christmas, observing all his long traditions and nuances.
The Christmas Alligore Evening Church Service lasts approximately 3 hours. Then they serve as a liturgy, and after worship, Christmas celebration comes. People welcome each other in words: "Merry Christmas" or "a holiday".
If the Christmas Eve falls on Saturday or Sunday, then the festive all-sleeping serve on Friday. The Christmas Eve serves Liturgy, John Zlatoust, and for Christmas in this case, the Liturgy of Vasily Great is committed in this case.
On the evening Christmas church service on January 6, on the memorial tables, which are standing near the eve, bring bunning, bread, cereals, pancakes, fruits, candy, flour, koror.
Everything that was brought to the temple on this day should be left on the table: Having brought, the priests create a lot of those who brought the "victim".
During posts, it should not be frozen. On the days of the meatyad on the memorial table in the temple it is impossible to bring meat food. You can also buy oil for lampada, incense in the church shop, Cahors, candles for donation to the altar in memory of the departed.
How Orthodox People are preparing for the celebration of the Nativity of Christ
Everything without exception, believers must comply with the Christmas post. And on January 6 - the last day of the Christmas post is the most strict day day. It is called the Christmas Christmas Eve. On this day, you do not eat food until the evening, while the stars will not be seen in the sky.
The last night before Christmas is called the holy or Christmas tree. It is by this time that the hostess should already have time to prepare a festive table.
For a dinner on the Christmas Eve, it is customary to put 12 launched dishes on the table (soon food is allowed to eat only the next day). The number 12 is also symbolic - this is the 12 Apostles of Christ, and 12 months of the year, and 12 major holidays of the church.
The main dish of the table this evening is Casca. It is a dish of failed grains, more often wheat, with honey, nuts, poppies and raisins. A small block of hay was placed under a plate with Buckets as a reminder of Christ's birthplace.
Each of the 12 dishes need to be at least a little bit, none of them should remain intact. The dishes were usually supplied cold, and the soup is only a bit warm, because The hostess should not get up because of the table and go to the kitchen.
Traditions of Christmas in Russia
In Russia, the holiday of the Nativity of Christ is currently in a series of New Year holidays. For some families, the main year is a meeting of the New Year, the other new year is not celebrating, preparing for Christmas. Gifts are also given as accepted in a particular family, can give both a holiday.
Before Christmas, Orthodox Christians comply with the post, it lasts 6 weeks - from November 28 to January 6 inclusive.
The day before the Christmas holiday of Christ is called Christmas Eve. The name comes from a traditional dish, which is preparing on this day - cochiva (boiled wheat or rice with honey).
In an old Christmas Eve, only sochily, from any other food, believers abstained until the onset of Christmas. There is also a tradition not there is nothing to the first star on this day.
The celebration of the very Christmas is accomplished on the night of January 6-17 - exactly at midnight in the temples the solemn service begins.
The period from 7 to 18 January, the Epiphany Christmas Eve, is called a shnik. These are the days of the special joy that the believers seek to share each other. At this time it is customary to visit, create mercy. A good tradition is to give Christmas gifts, congratulate on the holiday and help people who have found in a difficult life situation.
Moscow, 05.04.2021, 13:34:09, editors of Paledra.ru, author Jan Olekina.
Every year in Orthodoxy on January 7 there is a big holiday - the Christmas of Christ. This is a family celebration when relatives gather at the table, Christmas treats are harvested. Until that day, a multi-day post is completed, so they traditionally prepare 12 different dishes for talking.
Christmas morning begins with a festive prayer in honor of the birth of Jesus Christ. The laitys pronounce festive prayers, including those thanks for everything that the Lord gives them in life. Different treats can be prepared for this day, because the post ended, and meet guests.
What do in christmas in 2021
On January 7, 2021, on a holiday, Christmas must necessarily go to church, pray:
- so that relatives and close people were healthy;
- In order for the Lord to be favorable to everyone;
- To get help in all endeavors;
- To trouble go home by side;
- So that the family was strong;
- So that in the house there is wealth, happiness and comfort.
You can pray at home, but in front of the images it is necessary to put a lit church candle.
In Christmas, baked pies with an unusual filling - coin. To whom it will get, the whole year will be accompanied by luck. The holiday is covered with a rich table, the name of the guests or they themselves go to relatives, but necessarily with edible gifts - candy, kalachi, jam. To attract the warmth, comfort and wealth are lit candles.
At Christmas, unmarried girls are guessing on the grooms, on fate. During the day you donate money in need, pray. On the eve of the holiday, they are confessed, clean thoughts.
What can not be done on holiday christmas
Christmas is a big and important holiday. On this day it is impossible:
- physically work;
- do homemade troubles;
- get out
- sort things out;
- arrange scandals;
- provoke conflicts;
- speak bad words;
- think about failures, thereby attracting them;
- abuse alcohol;
- arrange noisy fun;
- taking out the trash;
- cut hair;
- Leave on the festive table empty dishes;
- spend the day alone.
If something is lost in Christmas - to losses, if you find - to sufficiency. Spilled tea and coffee at the festive table - to luck. If the starry sky, raw snow, the trees are covered with annea - to a rich, satisfying, profitable year. If a young month climbed on the sky - to monetary failures.
What are carried to church for christmas
On the night of January 7, a vigil service begins with a duration of 3 hours. Then the priests spend the liturgy, after which the Orthodox begins to celebrate the Christmas of Christ.
The treats in the church are born on the eve of Christmas - on Christmas Eve in the evening. On the commemorative table, the eve of the Kanunov:
- fruits with vegetables;
All products will eat clergymen, remembering all the departed, for whom they were brought.
Christmas is the chief Christian holiday. The Christmas Church Service always begins in all Orthodox churches on the Christmas Eve, which is celebrated on January 6th. At midnight, Christmas is already a vigil, closer to the morning liturgy begins. Of course, each Orthodox man should not only mark Christmas, but also to defend the full service.
How is the service in christmas church
Christmas celebration, contrary to the problem, does not start on January 6th. Preparation for it is held 40 days before the events. It was then that Orthodox cleans their body and a soul with the help of a preparatory and fairly strict post. By nature, the Christmas post, rather, refers to the ascetic type than liturgical.
In mid-November, no mention of Christmas in chants is not yet present. But five days later - from November 20, the first lines are already beginning to appear in the IMMOSAs of the canon - Christ is born, famous!
Mention of Christmas event was first noticed during chants before introducing the Most Holy Mother of God into the temple.
The direct celebration of Christmas begins on December 20. Liturgy is carried out like the main. At the end of December - 24 numbers, in the so-called disagging, several minions are held:
- The Divine Liturgy of St. Vasily Great.
The clock is a service that is present in almost all themes of church holidays. Sacred meaning in the alert of the people and the memory of the event. Evening service starts a holiday, there are five stimihr on the Lord appearing, eight texts from the Holy Book. The Liturgy of St. Vasily the Great was previously intended for baptism and worldware. Now it is more likely to fulfill the final function, and not utilitarian. After the end of this service, the priest puts a lit candle in the middle of the church and picks up Kondak and tropari notifying about the imminent christmas.
The whole vigil vigil before Christmas is a temple service that includes evening, morning and first hour. On Christ, Christmas is a vigil consists of a vortex with lithium, morning and first hours. At the same time, before the beginning, or not, the Blagovest.
The string consists of several stages. Parts include parts:
- The first - looks like a part of the uterine, when he is read by sixpsalm, then the Troparies of the Lord are repeated;
- The second - which in its essence is repentance to the Lord in sins;
- The third - includes Psalms with the glorification and praying to the Lord God, resembles a part of the uterine when the canon fell.
Three parts of the all-night vigil begin on January 6 and ends already 7 numbers.
Morning is also part of the whole vigil vigil. Begins after sixpsalmia (Tropear three times, caulies and rainfall).
The Music - "Majestya, exorbitant Christ, for the sake of now the flesh of the rose from the demonstrative and prechistrics of the Virgin Mary; Several canons: Cosmas Mauimsky and John Damascina. Morning ends with released: Ince in Vertepe is born and in Yasnah, our sake of salvation, Christ, the true God of our, the prayers of the preching mothers and all saints, hurts and save us, is also a good man. "
An hour of the first Christmas service marks the beginning of the celebration. The first hour is standardly dedicated to the thoughts and feelings of the Orthodox, which came to the temple. It consists of an action from reading Psalms, a trap, as well as several prayers of the Most High.
Liturgy SVT. Vasily Great
The liturgy of St. Vasily the Great is held in churches only ten times in the whole year. It connects to the evening, first the evening serve, and later the liturgy itself. In essence, Liturgy is an indicator that Christ again and again brings himself sacrificing for all people. Liturgy from the Eucharistic texts, which are read after singing the faith symbol. Unlike prayers, which are present in other liturgies, the texts are used to holy Vasily vicious.
"Delicate, Lord of Lord, God of Father Almighty, worshiped! Truly adequately and fairly and according to the magnificence of holiness of you to praise you, you are to bless you, you worship you, you to give you, to praise you, one truly existing God, and you bring to the heart of a crushed and spirit of humility, this verbal ministry, for you gave us Cognition of your truth. And who is able to fight your power, make your famous praise yours, or tell you about all wonders of yours at all times? Vladyka of all, Lord Sky and Earth and the whole creation, as visible and invisible, sitting on the throne of glory and giving up the abyss, the original, invisible, incomprehensible, indescribable, unanimous, Father Lord of our Jesus Christ, the Great God and Savior, the Hope of our That is the image of your goodness, the seal is equidoyed, in yourself showing you, father, the word Live, God is true, the bias, the light is true, through which the Holy Spirit came, - the spirit of truth, adoption, pledge The future heritage, the rear of the eternal benefits, the life-giving force, the source of sanctification, which strengthening all the creation and verbal, and reasonable to you, and you are fussing the Eternal Slavs; For everything is subordinate to you. For you praise angels, archangels, thrones, domination, bosses, authorities, strength and multi-colored cherubs; Before you, there are seraphims around; Six wings at one and six wings with the other, and two of them cover their faces, and two legs, and two flying, they appeal to each other with no squeezing mouths and in unceasing slooks ... ... a victory song singing, writing, exclamations and speakers. "
Further, the choir reads: "Saint, Holy, Holy Lord Savaof!
Full of heaven and earth glorify your!
Osaned in the highest
Blessed coming in the name of the Lord!
Osaned in the highest! "
The custom of performing the evening before Christ Merry Christmas is probably the oldest. Preserved in the sacred texts information that it was performed already in the 4th century. The ninth hour is performed, the entire Parmery is read. Meaning:
- The first - about the creation of the world;
- The second is the prophecy of Valaam;
- The third is Michea prophecy;
- Fourth - the prophecies of Isaiah;
- The fifth is the prophecy of Varuha;
- Sixth - Prophecies Daniel;
- The seventh and eighth - the prophecy of Issaia's birthday and Emmanuel from the Virgin.
They read the apostle and the gospel, there are objects. The priest lights a candle and takes it on the middle of the room. Trupp and Kondak pronounced. The candle means that the star appeared in Bethlehem.
Historical certificate and Orthodox
Christ is absolutely always in the Orthodox Church in January 7th. This is one of the most important holidays that pays special attention. He is preceded by post, which ends with a Christmas tree.
At the same time, Christmas began to celebrate only in the third century. This is a clear explanation - in ancient Judea it was not customary to celebrate the birthdays of a person. But there was an opinion to determine that holiday, intend to him the date. The place where Christ appeared is still preserved. Cave, which is called the Nativity of Christ, is equipped with basilica, inside there is a star with 14 rays.
The prophecies concern for Christ's birth appeared quite a long time, in a few centuries before the event. The most famous is wise. According to him, they had to go behind the star, accurately calculating the moment of her appearance. The shepherds were another prophecy - they appeared an angel and ordered to go to a certain place. They all gathered in the nursery, where they contained cattle to contemplate the new Jesus. The event it became so significant in history that in honor of him even changed the calendar. It is easy to understand that the notation is to our era and after our era are determined by the iconic event - the first Christmas.
The feature of Christmas is that he is one of the few Orthodox holidays, the service in which is accomplished at night. This night is quite long, numerous prayers read in it. The length of them will be varied in various temples, so the start time and end of the Christmas service is better to specify in advance in the temple.
Christmas Eve is the Christmas Eve of Christ. He falls on December 24 (January 6). It is customary to refuse food before the appearance of the first star - reference to the Bethlehemskaya, which announced the appearance of Jesus to light.
A Christmas worker is held on Christmas workers, as already mentioned above. If he falls on a day off, then the service of the royal clock and the evening are transferred to Friday. Liturgy serves on the same day - changing John of Zlatoust. The liturgy of Vasily Vasily is held at Christmas.
How to prepare
There are certain rules that will help prepare for Christmas and survive the Christmas service. These include:
- The last meal must be no later than 8 pm;
- It is necessary to take care of not to sleep;
- It will not be useful to leave the post of abundant feast;
- It is necessary to prepare - the texts of Psalms;
- put candles, put on icons, take children to the service not necessarily;
- Needless to come.
Christmas is, first of all, a spiritual holiday. Therefore, it will not be superfluous to refresh our knowledge of Orthodoxy.
There are certain rules that all Orthodox should adhere to.
How to go to church
In the church before the Christmas service a lot of people. You don't need to push and rush forward. The service begins about 9-10 pm, but time can be varied. All day January 6, believers do not eat, in the evening they go to the temple where there is inspiders, morning and liturgy.
The service begins at about 10 pm 6th, and it also ends late in the evening 7.
The meaning of the Bethlehem Star
Only after the appearance of the Bethlehem Star at Christmas, it is possible to taschly at the time of service - lean food from the millet with honey. Star is a symbol of what Jesus was born.
Texts are divided into those read by priests whisper, and those that pronounce the choir. Any now available on the Internet.
What else you need to know about the celebration of the Nativity of Christ
Christmas is, first of all, a spiritual holiday. Many families still prepare numerous dishes, convene a lot of friends. It is not right. It is better to cook at Christmas very little, collect only the closest in the family in a circle, and time to dedicate to the reading of the Bible. The service is broadcast by many television channels online.
Solemn worship in honor of the Nativity of Christ is a very beautiful, bright and festive event. But when to go to church: in the evening January 6 or in the morning of January 7?
Madly pleased that, together with the requests, to put on the Christmas table and how to make a desire, popular among readers and the question of whenever you go to church at Christmas. Here, in fact, if you do not know, you can get confused a little. But I will not get ladies to readers of my channel. Christmas Eve, January 6, is the right time to ask when you go to the temple at Christmas.
Christmas Eve on January 6: What is necessarily doing on this day - read in my separate article on the channel.
Foreignness of the Nativity of Christ January 6
The solemn service will be held in the church already tonight, in the Christmas Christmas Eve on January 6th. The exact schedule should always be clarified, but, as a rule, it begins at 17.00.
Festive service for Christmas: Beginning at 23.00 January 6
But the festive Christmas service will be held in the church an hour before midnight (start), at 23.00 and will last a few hours. That is, it will end on the night from January 6 to 7. And already, coming home from this service, you can congratulate everyone Merry Christmas. The holiday has come, post is removed.
This option is called, traditionally, all-in-bed. But, despite the name, it does not last all night, it is usually 2-4 hours depending on the church and the priest's approach.
Tip! If you are going for a night liturgy, think in advance what to do to sleep less. It is possible to sleep during the day before or drink extra cup of coffee.
In the morning, at noon and evening on January 7 in christmas
Of course, the festive bright day in the church is celebrated by Christmas. The first starts at six in the morning, then there will be a service at noon, and in the evening festive worship will also be held. You can visit all them, and you can join only one.
In the Christmas post, believers are recommended at least once confessing and coming . If you have not had time to do this, then the Evening Service at 17.00 still allows you to pass these sacraments. Try spiritually to prepare for Christmas Christ.
What is necessary to put on the table on the Christmas Eve and on the table in the Christmas, I read on my channel.
1. If possible, visit all the statutory festive worships.
I want to emphasize that on the festive all-nightness it is necessary to be. During this service, Christ born in Bethlehem is glorified. Liturgy is a worship service that practically does not change in connection with the holidays, and the main liturgical texts, the main chants, which explain the event that is explained on this day and set us up on how to properly meet the holiday, come across and read in the temple during the evening and Mattles.
It should also be said that the Christmas service begins during the day earlier - in the Christmas Christmas Eve. On the morning of January 6, a Christmas evening is committed in the temples. It sounds strange: in the morning - evening, but it is a necessary retreat from the charter of the Church. Previously, the evening began in the afternoon and lasted the Liturgy of Vasily the Great, on which people were commucorated. All day January 6, before this service, there was a particularly strict post, people did not bother food in general, preparing to come. After lunch, the evening began, and he was told at the occurrence of twilight. And soon behind this, the solemn Christmas morning, which was started to serve on the night of January 7th.
But now, since we have become more weak and weak, the solemn evening is committed by 6 numbers in the morning and ends the Liturgy of Vasily the Great.
Therefore, those who want to correctly, according to the charter, following the example of our ancestors - ancient Christians, saints, meet the Christmas, should be, if it allows work, on the eve of Christmas, January 6, in the morning worship. In Christmas itself, it is necessary to come to the Great Village and Morning and, of course, on the divine Liturgy.
2. Getting ready to go to the night liturgy, get comfortable in advance that I wanted to sleep so much.
In the Afonov monasteries, in particular in Dohiar, the igumen of the monastery Archimandrite Grigory always says that it is better to close his eyes in the temple, if a dream completely smored, than to remove to relax in Kellya, thus leaving, thus worship.
You know that special wooden chairs with armrests are placed in the temples on the holy mountain - Stasidi, where you can sit or stand, throwing off the seat and bewitching on special handrails. It should also be said that in Athos in all monasteries of breeding in full force, it is necessarily present at all divine services of the daily circle. The lack of service is quite a serious departure from the rules. Therefore, leave the temple during the service only in extreme cases.
In our realities you will not sleep in the temple, but there is no need for this. On Athos, all services begin at night - at 2, 3 or 4 hours. And in our homes of the service are not daily, liturgy at night - there is generally uncommon. Therefore, to reach the night prayer, you can prepare with completely ordinary everyday ways.
For example, be sure to sleep on the eve before the service. While allows the Eucharist post, drinking coffee. Since the Lord gave us such fruits, which are beyond, then you need to use them.
But if during the night service begins to overcome sleep, I think it will be more correct to get out, make several circles around the temple with a Jesus prayer. This little walk will refresh and give strength and continue to be in your attention.
3. Fall right. "To the first star," means not to starve, but attend the service.
Where did the custom come from not to eat food in the Christmas Eve, January 6, "before the first star"? As I said, earlier the Christmas evening began in the afternoon, passed to the liturgy of Vasily the Great, who ended up when the heaven had already appeared in the sky. After liturgy, the charter was allowed to bind the meal. That is, "before the first star" meant, in fact, before the end of the liturgy.
But over time, when the liturgical circle was extended from the life of Christians, when people began to tremble enough superficially, it turned into some kind of quite torn from practice and reality. People do not go to the service, and they are not communioned on January 6, but they are starving.
When I ask me how to fast in the Christmas Eve, I usually say so: if you were present in the morning on the Christmas evening and on the liturgy of Vasily the Great, then it is blessed to eat food, as it should be on the charter, after the end of the liturgy. That is, during the day.
But if this day you decide to devote cleaning the premises, cooking 12 dishes and so on, then, be kind, eat after the "first star". Once I did not carry a prayer feat, at least incurnate the feat.
Regarding how to fast before communion, if it is at night worship, then in existing practice, the liturgical post (that is, the complete abstinence of food and water) in this case is 6 hours. But this is not directly formulated anywhere, and there are no clear instructions in the charter how many hours before communion can not eat.
On the usual Sunday day, when a person is preparing for communion, it is customary not to bite food after midnight. But if you are going to pass at the night Christmas service, it will correctly will not eat food somewhere after 21.00.
In any case, this question is better to agree with the confessor.
Christmas service in the Iona Monastery
4. About the date and time of confession. Find out and agree in advance. In order not to spend the whole festive service in line.
The question of confession to the Christmas service is purely individual, because in every temple there are your customs, traditions. It is easy to talk about confession in monasteries or those temples, where a large number of priests employees. But if one father serves in the church, and such a majority, then the best of all, of course, to negotiate with the priest in advance when it will be convenient to poison you. It is better to confess on the eve of Christmas worship, so that you don't have to think about it in service, and you will not have time to search, but about how really worthy to meet the coming in the world of Christ the Savior.
5. Do not exchange worship and prayer for 12 lean dishes. This tradition is not a gospel and not liturgical.
I am often asked about how to link the presence on Christmas Eve and Christmas with a tradition of a feast in Christmas, when 12 launch dishes are made specially prepared. I will say right away that the tradition of "12 Wash" for me is somewhat mysterious. Christmas, like the Epiphany Christmas Eve, is a day of lean, and the day of strict fasting. According to the charter on this day, boiled food without butter and wine is laid. How can you cook 12 diverse lean dishes without oil use - for me a mystery.
In my opinion, "12 Wash" is a popular custom, nothing in common with a gospel or a liturgical charter, nor with the liturgical tradition of the Orthodox Church. Unfortunately, in the media on the eve of Christmas, in large quantities, materials appear in large numbers, in which attention is concentrated on some dubious pre-Christmas and retribution traditions, tastes of those or other dishes, fortune tells, walking, bonds, and so on - all the shelter, which is often very far From the true meaning of the Great Holiday Coming to the world of our Redeemer.
I am always very injured by the profanation of holidays, when their meaning and importance are reduced to one or another rites that have established in one area or another. It is necessary to hear that things like traditions are needed for people are not yet particularly churchable to somehow interest them. But you know, in Christianity, it is still better to give people at once benign food, not fast food. Still, it is better that a person recognize Christianity immediately with the Gospel, with the traditional St. Orthodox Position, than for some kind of "comics", even with consecrated folk customs.
In my opinion, many folk rituals associated with one holiday, this is comics on Orthodoxy. None of the sense of the holiday, nor to the evangelical event, they have practically nothing relationships.
6. Do not turn Christmas into a culinary holiday. This day is primarily spiritual joy. And for health, it is not possible to leave the post from the post a rich feast.
Again, it's all about priorities. If someone is priority to sit at a rich table, then all day on the eve of the holiday, including, and when a festive evening is already performed, a person is being made by the preparation of various meats, Salads Olivier and other lush dishes.
If it is more important for a person to meet the born Christ, then he, above all, goes to worship, and already in his free time prepares what he has enough time.
In general, it is strange that it is considered mandatory on the day of the holiday to sit and absorb a variety of abundance. This is not a medical point of view, nor with spiritual. It turns out, we fasted the whole post, missed the Christmas Eve and the Liturgy of Vasily the Great - and all this is to just sit down and eat. This can be done at any other time ...
I will say how the festive trapeza is preparing in our monastery. Usually at the end of the night services (for Easter and for Christmas), a small deal is offered. As a rule, this is cheese, cottage cheese, hot milk. That is, what does not require special effort in cooking. And in the afternoon, the meal is preparing more festive.
Christmas service in the Iona Monastery
7. Sing God is reasonable. Prepare for worship - read about him, find the translation, texts of psalms.
There is such an expression: knowledge is power. And, indeed, knowledge gives force not only in moral and moral terms, but also literally in physical. If a person at one time was bothering to explore Orthodox worship, he in his essence, if he knows that at the moment it happens in the temple, then for him the question of long standing, no fatigue is worth it. He lives the spirit of worship, knows what follows. For him, the service is not divided into two parts, as it happens: "What is the service now?" - "Well, sing." - "And now?" - "Well, read." Most people, unfortunately, the service is divided into two parts: when they sing and when they read.
Knowledge of the service gives an understanding that at a certain moment of worship you can sit down and sitting to listen to what goes through and read. The litrolery charter in some cases allows, and in some even prescribes to sit. This, in particular, the reading time of psalms, watches, cafeism, the stimitat on the "Lord, the Appeats". That is, many moments of service when you can sit. And, according to the expression of one saint, better sitting thinking about God than standing - about the legs.
Many believers come very practical, taking with them a little folding benches. Indeed, in order to take place at the right time to take place, or not "occupy" seats, standing near them the whole service, it will be better to take a special bench with you and at the right moment to sit on it.
Do not confuse seats during service. Saturday for a person, not a man for Saturday. Still, at some moments it is better to sit down, especially if legs hurt, and sitting carefully listening to worship, than suffering, to suffer and look at the clock when it all ends.
In addition to worries about the legs, take care in advance about the food for the mind. You can buy special books or on the Internet to find and print materials about festive worship - interpretation and texts with translations.
Be sure to recommend also to find a psalter in your native language. Reading psalms is an integral part of any Orthodox worship, and the psalms are very beautiful both melodically and stylistically. In the temple, they are read in Church Slavonic language, but even a church man is difficult for hearing to perceive all their beauty. Therefore, in order to understand what is happening at the moment, you can in advance, to service, find out which psalms will be read during this service. It really needs to be done to "sing God's reasonable" to feel all the beauty of the psalm.
Many believe that it is impossible to keep track of the Liturgy on the book in the temple - you need to pray with everyone. But one does not exclude the other: follow the book and pray, in my opinion, this is the same thing. Therefore, do not confuse to take literature on service. You can take a pre-take this blessing from the priest to cut off unnecessary questions and comments.
8. On holidays, the temples are crowded. Please post a candle or apply to the icon another time.
Many, coming to the temple, believe that put the candle is the responsibility of every Christian, the victim of God that needs to be brought. But since the Christmas service is much more crowded than the usual service, then a certain difficulty arises with candles, including because the candlesticks are overcrowded.
The tradition of bringing candles to the temple has ancient roots. Previously, as we know, everything you need for the liturgy Christians took from home with you: bread, wine, candles for illumination of the temple. And this, indeed, was their sacrificing.
Now the situation has changed and the setting of candles has lost its original meaning. For us, this is more reminder of the first centuries of Christianity.
Candle is our visible victim to God. She has a symbolic meaning: we must be before God, like this candle, burn even, bright, smokeless flame.
This is also our victim to the temple, because we know - from the Old Testament that people in ancient times have necessarily made a tithe for the content of the temple and priests serving with it. And in the New Testament Church, this tradition was continued. We know the words of the apostle that the altar employees from the altar feed. And those money that we leave, acquiring a candle, this is our victim.
But in such cases, when the temples are overcrowded, when whole torches of candles are burning on the candlesticks, and they are transmitted and transmitted, it may be more correct that the amount you wanted to spend on the candles, put in a donation box than to strother by brothers candles And sisters praying nearby.
9. Holding to the night service of children, be sure to ask them if they want to be now in the temple.
If you have little children or elderly relatives, then go with them on the liturgy in the morning.
In our monastery there was such a practice. At night, at 23:00, the great Village begins, behind him the morning, which goes to Liturgy. Liturgy ends somewhere by half the fifth in the morning - thus the service lasts about five and a half hours. It's not so much - the usual all-night vigil every Saturday continues for 4 hours - from 16.00 to 20.00.
And our parishioners who have small children or the elderly relatives will pray at night on the vortices and on the utensils, after morning they drove around home, rest, sleep, and in the morning they come to the liturgy by 9.00 with young children or with those people who could not attend the night service.
If you decide to bring children to the temple at night, then, it seems to me, the main criterion for visiting such long-term services should be the desire for the children themselves to come to this service. No violence and coercion!
You know, there are stories for a child, which are for him the criteria of adulthood. Such, for example, as the first confession, the first visit to the night service. If he is very asking for adults to take it with them, then in this case it needs to be done.
It is clear that the child will not be able to sleep all the service at all. To do this, take some soft litter for him so that when he is getting tired, it was possible to put it in a corner and wake up before communion. But that the child is not deprived of this joy of the night service.
It is very touching when children come with their parents to the service, stand joyful, with sparkling eyes, because the night service for them is very significantly and unusual. Then gradually they subscribe, science. And now, passing through the side of the side, you see the underlying of children immersed in the so-called "liturgical" dream.
How much the child will endure - so much withstand. But the deprivation of his such joy is not worth it. However, I repeat once again, to get this service should be the desire of the child himself. So that Christmas is connected to him only with love, only with the joy of the born baby Christ.
Festive service in Monastery Dohiar
10. Communicate yourself!
Coming to the temple, we often worry that you did not have time to put the candles or some kind of icon did not attach. But it is not necessary to think about it. It is necessary to worry about whether we often combine with Christ.
Our duty at worship is to pray attentively and as often as possible, as far as possible, the communion of the Holy Taine. The temple, first of all, is a place where we are commucioned the body and the blood of Christ. This we must do.
And, indeed, visiting the liturgy without incident is deprived of meaning. Christ calls: "Take, beg," and we turn away and go. The Lord says: "Drink from the bowl of life all", and we do not want. Doesn't the word "all" have a different meaning? The Lord does not say: Drink 10% from me, those who were preparing. He says: Drink from me everything! If we come to a liturgy and are not communionable, it is a liturgical impairment.
Instead of afterword. What basic condition is needed to feel the joy of long all-sleeping service?
It is necessary to realize that many years ago it happened on this day. That "the word has become flesh and dwells with us, full of grace and truth." That no one ever seen God; The only beef son, which is in the subsoil, he revealed. " What happened the event of such a cosmic scale, which was not before, and will not be after.
God, the Creator of the Universe, the Creator of the Endless Cosmos, the Creator of our Earth, the Creator of a man as a perfect creation, the Almighty, who commands the movement of the planets, the entire space system, the existence of life on Earth, which no one ever seen, and only a few in the history of mankind people were able to see only Part of the manifestation of his own strength ... And this god became a man, baby, completely defenseless, small, susceptible to everything, including the possibility of murder. And it's all - for us, for each of us.
There is a wonderful expression: God has become a man so we become gods. If you understand this is that each of us has the opportunity to become God by grace, then we will open and the meaning of this holiday. If we are aware of what scale the event we celebrate what happened on this day, then all culinary delights, bonds, dances, dressing and divination will seem like the trifle and husks that do not stand our attention. We will be absorbed by the contemplation of God, the Creator of the Universe, lying in the nursery next to the animals in simple hlev. This will exceed everything.